Money references in common units (shekels):
1 shekel = 20 gerah
1 mina = 60 shekels
Units of weight assumed to be gold unless stated otherwise.
8 gur of corn/year for a field laborer. 100 shekels/year for a day laborer. This suggests that 1 gur= aprox 12 shekels.
Buildinga house--2 shekels per 35 sq meters of "surface."
Building a twenty ton boat; 2 shekels = one or two weeks pay--something wrong.
Hiring it is 1/6 shekel/day !!! (includes crew?)
Hire of ferry boat is 3 gerahs/day = 3/20 shekels
Hire of freight boat is 2.5 gerahs/day =2.5/20 shekels
Hiring figures are consistent, building figure is not.
Sailor's pay 6 gur of corn/year = 72 shekels
Plow oxen rental 4 gur of corn/year = 48 shekels
Her cattle 3 gur/year = 36 shekels
Field laborer gets 8 gur = 96 shekels
Ox driver gets 6 gur =72 shekels
Herdsman gets 8 gur = 96 shekels
Day laborer gets 100 shekels/year (assuming he works 365 days/year)
Artisans get a little less. (???)
Note: The consistency here is artificial, since I figured out the value of a gur in shekels by assuming that the two groups of wages were consistent.
The value of a ka of corn?
Hire of an ox for threshing is 20 ka of corn
an ass for threshing, twenty ka of corn
(Hire of a young animal for threshing is 10 ka of corn
hire of oxen, cart and driver is 180 ka of corn per day
cart alone is 40 ka per day
If we assume the cart has two oxen, and the cost per is the same as for threshing, then the driver is costing 100 ka of corn/day. That seems a bit high, given that the rental of oxen seems to be about half a laborer's wage--perhaps four oxen to the cart? Figure that a driver gets between 40 and 100 ka/day, which is about 80 shekels/year. If we again assume working every day, that gives us:
182-456 ka of corn = 1 shekel. Scale up the value of the ka according to how many days less than 365 someone works.
Felling a tree: 30 shekels
Demanding a false claim by force, 2 shekels (1/3 mina in silver)
Slave prisoner dying, 20 shekels (plus debt cancelled?)
Divorce (upper class) without purchase price, 60 shekels
Ditto (middle class) 20 shekels
Seducing daughter in law to be: 30 shekels
Eye or broken bone (middle class) 60 shekels
Teeth (middle class) 20 shekels
Assault (upper class, equal rank) 60 shekels
Assault (middle class) 10 shekels
Accidental death from wounding in a quarrel (upper class) 30 shekels.
Same for middle class 20 shekels
Strikes woman (upper class), loses her child, 10 shekels
Ditto (middle class) 5 shekels
Ditto, maid servant, 2 shekels
Woman dies from blow that loses her child, (upper class) 30 shekels
Maid servant ditto 20 shekels
"Impresses an ox for forced labor" (???) 20 shekels
Goring ox, negligent, upper class, 30 shekels
As above, slave, 20 shekels
Steal a water wheel, 5 shekels
Steal a shadduf or plow, 3 shekels
Retrieve a runaway slave: 2 shekels
Physician for an operation: 10 shekels (upper class patient)
Middle class patient, 5 shekels
Slave patient, 2 shekels
Physician heals fracture or diseased soft part (upper class patient) 5 shekels
Ditto, middle class patient, 3 shekels
Slave, 2 shekels
Vet operation, ox or ass, 1/6 shekel
Usakini-drink is 5/6 of a ka of corn per ka of drink--paid at harvest
Yield of a field about sixty gur of grain for every ten gan of area?
Building a boat costs two shekels, renting it costs about a shekel a week.